Phichit sits in the lower Northern Region of Thailand. The name “Phichit” means “The Beautiful Town” and the city was allegedly founded by Phraya Khot Thabong in 1056. During the Sukhothai period (1238-1350), the then small town adopted the name “Sa Luang” and became an important town of the era. Phichit was renamed again in the Ayutthaya period (1350-1767) and was known as Okhaburi, which means “town in the swamp”. It was here that King Sanphet VIII or “Phrachao Sua” of Ayutthaya was born. Phichit was designated a province during the Rattanakosin period, in the reign of King Rama V (1868-1910).
The famous legend of Kraithong originated in Phichit. The love story was so powerful that it is still told throughout Thailand today, leading to Phichit’s fame as the land of legends.
Covering an area of 4,531,013 sq/m, Phichit’s topography consists of a large basin in the central part and a gradual high plain leading away to the east. The province’s main industry is agriculture, followed by wholesale, retail and the service industries. The main two crops produced in the province are corn and mung beans. The province also has a considerable number of fisheries.
Phichit is administratively divided into 12 districts: Amphoe Mueang Phichit, Amphoe Bang Mun Nak, Amphoe Pho Prathap Chang, Amphoe Pho Thale, Amphoe Sam Ngam, Amphoe Taphan Hin, Amphoe Tap Khlo, Amphoe Wang Sai Phun, Amphoe Wachirabarami, Amphoe Sak Lek, Amphoe Dong Charoen and Amphoe Bueng Na Rang.
North borders with Phitsanulok
South borders with Nakhon Sawan
East borders with Phetchabun
West borders with Kamphaeng Phet and Nakhon Sawan
How to Get There
Route 1 – Travel along Highway No.1 from Ayutthaya before switching to Asia Road at Nakhon Sawan. Proceed along the road and pass through Nakhon Sawan, Chumsaeng, Bang Mun Nak, and Taphan Hin (Highway No.1118) before arriving at Phichit. The distance is roughly 345 kilometres.
Route 2 – From Bangkok, take Highway No.1 towards Ayutthaya before switching to Asia Road. At Amphoe Inburi, Sing Buri Province, follow Highway No.11 before joining Highway No.111 At Ban Saklek. Alternatively, join Highway No.113 which also arrives at Phichit. The distance is roughly 344 kilometres.
Route 3 – From Bangkok, take Highway No.1 then, at Ayutthaya before switching to Asia Road. At Kankon Sawan join Highway No.117. When you arrive at Amphoe Sam Ngam, follow the route Sam Ngam-Phitchit (Highway No.115). Alternatively, turn right at the Prathap Chang intersection (km.72-73) and follow the road toward Amphoe Mueang Phitchit. The distance is roughly 360 kilometres.
Bus services between Bangkok and Phichit are available throughout the day from the Northern Bus Terminal (Chatuchak). For more information on schedules and costs, call 1490 or visit www.transport.co.th. Alternatively contact the Phichit Bus Terminal on 056 990 964 or 056 650 388.
The State Railway of Thailand passes through Phichit every day with trains from Bangkok bound for Chiang Mai. The trains leave from Hua Lamphong Railway Station many times a day. For schedules and more information, call 1690 or 022 224 444, or visit www.railway.co.th.
There are various modes of local transportation for visitors to choose from:
- Sonthaew: A local form of transport that can be found around provincial towns, easily found in busy areas such as the Phichit Bus Terminal.
- Motor-tricycle and taxi motorcycles: These run shorter trips around downtown Phichit, most often starting at the Phichit Bus Terminal. The fare should be agreed on before using the service.
Distances from the city centre to neighbouring towns or districts
Sam Ngam 18 kilometres
Sak Lek 20 kilometres
Pho Prathap Chang 25 kilometres
Wachirabarami 26 kilometres
Taphan Hin 28 kilometres
Wang Sai Phun 31 kilometres
Tap Khlo 44 kilometres
Bang Mun Nak 50 kilometres
Pho Thale 66 kilometres
Dong Charoen 78 kilometres
Bueng Na Rang 86 kilometres